International Symposium on "Socio-Economic Development and Industrialization in Developing Countries"

2024年08月01日(木) 15:30 - 17:30

International Symposium on "Socio-Economic Development and Industrialization in Developing Countries"


日時 2024年08月01日(木) 15:30 - 17:30
会場 神戸大学経済経営研究所 会議室(研究所新館2階)
対象 教員,院生,および同等の知識をお持ちの方
使用言語 英語
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参加登録 締切:7/25
15:30 - 15:35 開会のあいさつ

佐藤 隆広(神戸大学経済経営研究所)

15:35 - 16:30
Altruistic Care for the Elderly in Thailand: A Gender Perspective (with Minh Tam Bui and Ivo Vlaev)
今井 克(Department of Economics, School of Social Sciences, University of Manchester)
Ageing society poses an increasing need for elderly care and the essential role of unpaid family care. Using time-use data of Thailand 2014/2015, we found significant gender gaps in providing eldercare across heterogenous groups. The novelty of this study is a measurement of altruism proxy based on time spendings. We examine the gender-biased effects of caregiver’s altruistic behavior on care provision to explain the caregiving burden on women. There is a tendency for women to provide more physical eldercare while men are more associated with emotional support and travel-related care. Women are also more dedicated to such care as their main tasks at a time while more men take it as secondary activities. The instrumental variable modelling reveals a possibility for male caregivers to swap their worktime for care, but no tradeoff is found among women. Swapping between leisure time for care time is one-for-one among men.
16:30 - 17:25
Transformation of India's Steel Industry
石上 悦朗(福岡大学名誉教授)
This study examines the changes that have taken place in the Indian steel industry over the past decade. First, the major changes are the restructuring of steel companies that went bankrupt due to bad loans, which has led to an increased concentration of domestic companies, and the entry of global steel makers into the Indian market for the first time. Second, the progress of major steel companies in terms of equipment and technology selection, such as the adoption of new technologies and the introduction of high value-added products, is seen, but the situation is not uniform. The factors are examined in terms of the timing of the companies' entry and the entrepreneurs (including state-owned companies). In India, steel companies are steadily expanding their capacity in anticipation of future economic growth. These equipment and facilities are generally coal-based technologies. The factors that have allowed the small and medium-sized sector, which accounts for 30% of crude steel production, to continue are the structure of the domestic market, which is characterized by a low-cost coal-based production method (induction furnaces) and a focus on the finished steel for construction. The study touches upon some debate regarding the protectionist tendencies in the Indian steel market and provides a preliminary discussion on the reasons for the existence of diverse makers. Finally, we estimated the approximate levels of salaries and wages of workers at steel companies of different sizes based on a small number of cases.
17:25 - 17:30 閉会のあいさつ

佐藤 隆広