|日時||2023年8月3日（木）15:30 ～ 17:00|
15:30 ～ 17:00
- The Long-lasting Impacts of Exposure to Herbicide Bombing During the War? Evidence of Educational Persistence in Vietnam During the Operation Ranch Hand (with Thanh Bui)
- 今井 克 (Department of Economics, School of Social Sciences, University of Manchester)
- This study analyses the long-lasting effects of exposure to herbicide bombings during the Operational Ranch Hand 1962-1971 of the US-Vietnam War in Vietnam on educational attainment across generations. Using the Living Standards Measurement Survey in Vietnam, namely VHLSS 2014, 2016, and 2018 combined with Agent Orange Data, we find that bombing exposure has long-lasting negative effects not only on the affected generation but also on the children of those who experienced the conflicts. Female individuals exposed to the bombing had more loss in terms of years of education than their males. In the first generation, there are also stronger effects on individuals who were exposed to the bombing after birth than those exposed in utero. The results have shown that only mothers' exposure to shocks during the prenatal period or after birth significantly affects the schooling level of their children, especially among the mother-daughter dyads.