Semiparametric Bayes Instrumental Variable Estimation with Many Weak Instruments
We develop a new semiparametric Bayes instrumental variables estimation method. We employ the form of the regression function of the reduced-form equation and the disturbances are modelled nonparametrically to achieve better preditive power of the endogenous variables, whereas we use parametric formulation in the structural equation, which is of interest in inference. Our simulation studies show that under small sample size the proposed method obtains more e￠ cient estimates and very precise credible intervals compared with existing IV methods. The existing methods fail to reject the null hypothesis with higher probability, due to larger variance of the estimators. Moreover, the mean squared error in the proposed method may be less than 1/30 of that in the existing procedures even in the presence of weak instruments. We applied our proposed method to a Mendelian randomization dataset where a large number of instruments are available and semiparametric specification is appropriate. This is a weak instrument case; hence, the non-Bayesian IV approach yields inefficient estimates. We obtained statistically significant results that cannot be obtained by the existing methods, including standard Bayesian IV.
Instrumental variable, Mendelian Randomization, Semiparametric Bayes model, Probit stick-breaking process mixture
Research Institute for Economics and Business Administration
Rokkodai-cho, Nada-ku, Kobe
Department of Economics, Keio University
RIKEN Center for Advanced Intelligence Project