Women's Empowerment and Prevalence of Stunted and Underweight Children in Rural India


This study investigates whether mother's empowerment measured by her education attainment relative to father's, domestic violence and autonomy is related to children's nutritional status using the three rounds of NFHS data in India. First, mother's relative education is associated with better nutritional status of children in the short run. Second, the quantile regression results show strong associations between women's empowerment and better nutritional status of children in the long run at the low end of its conditional distribution. Finally, we find the relation between access to health schemes and better nutritional measures of children.


Katsushi S. IMAI
School of Social Sciences, University of Manchester, UK
Research Institute for Economics and Business Administration
Kobe University
Rokkodai-cho, Nada-ku, Kobe
657-8501 Japan
Phone: +81-78-803-7036
FAX: +81-78-803-7059

Samuel Kobina ANNIM
Department of Economics, University of Cape Coast, Ghana

Department of Criminology, Sociology & Geography, Arkansas State University, USA

Raghav GAIHA
Faculty of Management Studies, University of Delhi, India
and Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA