Fertility, Parental Education and Development in India: New Evidence from National Household Survey Data


This paper empirically investigates the determinants of fertility drawing upon large household data sets in India, namely NSS and NFHS over the period 1992-2006. Broadly similar and consistent results are found for the two surveys for different years. We have found a negative and significant association between the number of children and motherfs education. Both direct and indirect effects are observed for motherfs education which not just directly reduces fertility but also increases motherfs potential wages or opportunity costs which would deter her from having a baby. Fatherfs education became increasingly important in reducing fertility in the last two rounds.

Keywords: Fertility, Parental Education, NSS (National Sample Survey), NFHS (National Family Health Survey), India, Asia

Katsushi S. IMAI
Economics, School of Social Sciences, University of Manchester, UK
Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration (RIEB), Kobe University

Takahiro SATO
Research Institute for Economics and Business Administration
Kobe University
Rokkodai-cho, Nada-ku, Kobe
657-8501 Japan
Phone: (81) 78 803 7036
Fax: (81) 78 803 7059